Rhinos

In just a decade, more than 7,245 African rhinos have been poached. 

In just a decade, more than 7,245 African rhinos have been poached. 

All five species of rhino are threatened by poaching and habitat loss. Black and White rhinos are found in Africa whilst the remaining three species, Javan, Sumatran and Indian rhinos, occur in Asia.

Top facts

  • Rhinos have very poor vision, so rely heavily on their sense of smell to detect their surroundings.
  • Despite their names, both Black and White rhinos are grey in colour. 
  • Javan and Indian rhinos have one horn, whereas White, Black and Sumatran rhinos have two.
  • Indian rhinos appear to have body armour, due to the large folds in their skin.

Demand is high for

Horns – these are used in traditional medicine and are also seen as a status symbol of success and wealth

About 25,000 rhinos remain in the wild in Africa compared to 500,000 at the beginning of the 20th century, with poaching having a devastating impact. Javan rhinos are one of the most endangered mammals on earth, with less than 65 remaining. The species in Asia include some of the most endangered mammals in the world, with less than 80 Sumatran rhinos currently living in the wild.

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